Brighton is a seaside resort and one of the two main areas of the City of Brighton and Hove in the county of East Sussex, England – 47 miles (76 km) south of London.
Whilst recorded in the Doomsday Book, Brighton became increasingly popular in Georgian and Victorian times with the development of terraces and construction of the Royal Pavilion by Geroge IV (Prince Regent).
The University of Brighton is the older of two universities (established in 1859) whilst the more modern, University of Sussex was established in 1961 as the first of the plate-glass universities and is is a campus research intensive university between Stanmer Park and Falmer, four miles (6 km) from the city centre.
Brighton & Hove Albion Football Club is the city’s professional association football team. Brighton Football Club (RFU) is one of the oldest Rugby Clubs in England founded in 1868 before the RFU. Brighton & Hove Hockey Club is a large hockey club that trains and plays their matches at Blatchington Mill School. Sussex County Cricket Club play at Eaton Road in Hove.
Motoring events take place on Madeira Drive, a piece of roadway on Brighton’s seafront, throughout the year. It was originally constructed to host what is commonly held to be the world’s oldest motor race, the Brighton Speed Trials, which has been running since 1905. The event is organised by the Brighton and Hove Motor Club and normally takes place on the second Saturday in September each year.
Brighton also has a horse-racing course, Brighton Racecourse and a greyhound racing circuit – the Brighton & Hove Greyhound Stadium.
Brighton Sailing Club has been operating since the 1870s.
Amateur track cycling is held at the Preston Park Velodrome, the oldest velodrome in the UK, built in 1877.
There are three recognised surfing breaks close to Brighton, including East of the Marina, by the West Pier and at Shoreham harbour.
Trains operate from Brighton railway station – and many Brighton residents commute to work in London (the fastest service to/from London Victoria takes fifty-one minutes). Other destinations include London Bridge and St Pancras International. Most trains serve Gatwick Airport.
With over 250 restaurants, Brighton is characterised by small dining establishments and independent coffeehouses