Cardiff is the capital and largest city of Wales. It forms a principal area, officially known as the City and County of Cardiff, and the city is the eleventh-largest in the United Kingdom. Located in the south-east of Wales and in the Cardiff Capital Region, Cardiff is the county town of the historic county of Glamorgan and in 1974–1996 of South Glamorgan.
It belongs to the Eurocities network of the largest European cities. A small town until the early 19th century, its prominence as a port for coal when mining began in the region helped its expansion. In 1905, it was ranked as a city and in 1955 proclaimed capital of Wales. Cardiff built-up Area covers a larger area outside the county boundary, including the towns of Dinas Powys and Penarth.
There are four major institutions of higher education located in Cardiff:
- Cardiff University
- Cardiff Metropolitan University
- University of South Wales
- Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama
Cardiff has developed a fine reputation as a top-class sporting city over recent years. Named as the European Capital of Sport in 2014, the quality of our facilities continues to attract major international events. The highlights of Cardiff’s host city CV include the 2012 Olympics, 2015 Rugby World Cup, 2017 UEFA Champions League Final, the 2018 Volvo Ocean Race and the 2022 WWE Clash at the Castle.
Cardiff is proud to boast four successful, top level sports teams, all based here in the city. With these teams in town there is always an incredible choice of sporting action right on Cardiff’s doorstep:
- Cardiff City FC
- Cardiff Devils
- Cardiff Rugby
- Glamorgan Cricket
Cardiff City are a professional association football club currently playing in the EFL Championship; however, they have brought Premier League football to the city twice in the last ten years – most recently in 2019.
Cardiff Devils are a British Elite Ice Hockey League team and narrowly missed out on a third consecutive title in the final match of the 2019 season.
Cardiff Rugby (formerly Cardiff Blues) play at the famous Cardiff Arms Park and compete in the United Rugby Championship. Cardiff brought silverware home as recently as 2018 with their victory in the European Challenge Cup.
Glamorgan Cricket are the only first-class county team based in Wales and play their home matches at Sophia Gardens on the banks of the river Taff. Glamorgan clinched their first silverware for seventeem years in 2021 as they won the Royal London Cup.
Cardiff is the only airport offering commercial passenger services in Wales. It has been under the ownership of the Welsh Government since March 2013, operating at an arm’s length as a commercial business. Passenger numbers were 1.66 million in 2019 and were increasing year-on-year.
Cardiff Central railway station is a major station on the South Wales Main Line, located in the capital of Wales, Cardiff. It is one of the city’s two urban rail network hubs, along with Cardiff Queen Street. Opened in 1850 as Cardiff station, it was renamed Cardiff General in 1924, and then Cardiff Central in 1973.
The station is located at Central Square, in Cardiff city centre. The Grade II listed building is managed by Transport for Wales Rail, and is both the largest and busiest station in Wales.
Cardiff Central is one of twenty railway stations in the city and one of two in the city centre, serving as a hub for the Valleys & Cardiff Local Routes. It is an interchange for services between South Wales, West Wales and North Wales, as well as other major British cities.
When it comes to culture in Cardiff there’s something for everyone; a burgeoning music scene; one of the largest collections of impressionist artwork in the world; The Art Fund Museum of The Year 2019, and Europe’s first immersive arts venue.